Sand Washing Plant

Gravity Sludge Thickening Process

A good gravity sludge thickening sedimentation process must include the coagulation destabilization stage, the coagulation granulation stage, and the filtration and compression stage. The realization of these three stages must be achieved through the thickening equipment. The thickener can ensure sufficient flocculation reaction and an ideal solid-liquid separation effect.

gravity sludge thickening process

Under the action of slow hydrodynamic force, the particles whose repulsive force is relieved to begin to gather with each other under the action of long molecular chains. The flocculation gets bigger and bigger, and the settling speed will increase by several times or even dozens of times. As the large flocs agglomerate more and more, the solid particles form deposits at the bottom of the deep cone thickener. The floc before the deposition is essentially a floating filter medium, which has a very useful interception effect on small particles that escape with the upflow. The concentration of the sediment at the bottom is greatly increased under the action of gravity. This process is carried out in the thickener.

The gravity sludge thickening process

The gravity sludge thickener is mainly composed of two parts, a deep cone circular thickening tank, and a rake scraper. The solid particles suspended in the slurry in the thickening tank settle under gravity, and the upper part becomes clarified water, so that the solid and liquid can be separated. The sludge deposited on the bottom of the thickening tank is continuously scraped and collected by a rake scraper to the center of the bottom of the pool for discharge, while the clarified water overflows from the upper edge of the thickening tank.

The thickener is solid-liquid separation equipment based on gravity sedimentation, which can concentrate the slurry with a solids content of 10% to 20% by gravity sedimentation into an underflow slurry with a solids content of 45% to 55%. With the help of the slow-running rake installed in the thickener, the thickener underflow slurry is discharged from the underflow port at the bottom of the thickener.

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